Automating Document Creation with Google Apps Script

Efficiency is key in any business setting, and automation can play a pivotal role in streamlining repetitive tasks. One common administrative task is the generation of documents for records or communications based on data collected in spreadsheets. In this blog post, we will discuss how to use Google Apps Script to automatically generate Google Docs from a list of information stored in a Google Sheet.

Overview of the Script

The generateDocument() function is designed to automate the creation of individual Google Docs for each entry in a Google Sheet. The script fetches data from the active sheet of the current Google Spreadsheet and creates a document for each row of data (excluding the header row). It then populates each document with specific information from the sheet, such as a person’s name, address, and email.

How the Script Works

  1. Access the Active Sheet: The script starts by obtaining the active sheet of the current Google Spreadsheet.
  2. Retrieve Data: It retrieves all the data within the active sheet using getDataRange(), which returns all the filled cells. The getValues() method is then called to get this data in the form of a 2D array.
  3. Document Creation and Population:
    • For each row of data, starting from the second row (to skip the header), the script creates a new Google Document titled “Document for [Name]”.
    • It then adds paragraphs to the document, including the person’s name, address, and email from the respective columns of the sheet.
    • After appending the necessary information, the script saves and closes the document.

Sample Data Structure

The following table illustrates how the data in your Google Sheet might be organized:

John Doe123 Maple St,
Jane Smith456 Oak St,
Alice Lee789 Pine St,

Potential Improvements and Customizations

  • Error Handling: Adding error handling to manage situations where data might be missing or improperly formatted.
  • Template Use: Instead of creating a basic document with paragraphs, the script could be adapted to use a Google Docs template to enhance the formatting and structure of the output documents.
  • Dynamic Content: The script can be modified to include more complex document structures, such as tables or images, depending on the requirements.


Automating document creation using Google Apps Script is an effective way to reduce manual workloads and enhance productivity. By leveraging the connectivity between Google Sheets and Google Docs, scripts like generateDocument() can help organizations manage their documentation more efficiently and with fewer errors.