Enhancing Google Apps Script with Object Literals for Document Styling

In Google Apps Script, managing styles in Google Docs can become cumbersome, especially when dealing with multiple styles across a large document. Object literals can streamline this process, providing a structured and reusable approach to handling styles. In this blog post, I’ll explain how using object literals can simplify the styling process in Google Docs through Google Apps Script, illustrating the concept with practical code examples.

Why Use Object Literals for Styling?

Object literals in JavaScript are a way to encapsulate data that belongs together, making it easy to organize and reuse code. When applied to styling in Google Docs, object literals allow developers to:

  1. Centralize Style Definitions: Define all styles in one place, making them easy to update and maintain.
  2. Increase Code Reusability: Reuse the same style object across different parts of a document or even across multiple documents.
  3. Enhance Readability: Make the script more readable and maintainable by separating style logic from other scripting logic.

Example: Applying Object Literals to Style a Google Document

Let’s create a Google Apps Script that uses object literals to apply styles to a Google Doc. We’ll define several styles for different text elements and apply them to sections of a document.

Step 1: Define Your Styles

First, define your styles using object literals. This makes it easy to apply the same styles multiple times throughout your document or even in different documents.

// Define styles using object literals
const styles = {
title: {
[DocumentApp.Attribute.FONT_SIZE]: 24,
[DocumentApp.Attribute.BOLD]: true,
[DocumentApp.Attribute.FOREGROUND_COLOR]: '#0000FF' // Blue color
subtitle: {
[DocumentApp.Attribute.FONT_SIZE]: 18,
[DocumentApp.Attribute.ITALIC]: true,
[DocumentApp.Attribute.FOREGROUND_COLOR]: '#FF0000' // Red color
normalText: {
[DocumentApp.Attribute.FONT_SIZE]: 12,
[DocumentApp.Attribute.BOLD]: false,
[DocumentApp.Attribute.FOREGROUND_COLOR]: '#000000' // Black color

Step 2: Apply the Styles in Your Document

Now, use these styles to format different parts of your document. Here’s how you can apply these styles using Google Apps Script:

function styleDocument() {
// Open a document by ID or create a new one
const doc = DocumentApp.openById('YOUR_DOCUMENT_ID');
const body = doc.getBody();

// Apply styles to the title
const title = body.appendParagraph('This is the Title');

// Apply styles to the subtitle
const subtitle = body.appendParagraph('This is the Subtitle');

// Apply styles to normal text
const normalText = body.appendParagraph('This is some normal text.');

// Save and close the document

Step 3: Run Your Script

After setting up your script, run the styleDocument function. Make sure to replace 'YOUR_DOCUMENT_ID' with the actual ID of your Google Doc.


Using object literals for styling in Google Apps Script provides a powerful way to manage document styles. It not only makes your code cleaner and more maintainable but also enables easy updates to styles without touching the core logic of your script. This approach is particularly useful for scripts that generate or manipulate documents in Google Workspace, allowing for dynamic styling changes that can be easily scaled or modified. Whether you’re generating reports, drafting letters, or preparing documentation, object literals can make your styling efforts much more efficient.