Explain the event delegation in JavaScript.

Explain the event delegation in JavaScript.

Event delegation is a technique in JavaScript where instead of attaching an event handler to each individual element, you attach a single event handler to a parent element and handle the events of its child elements through event bubbling. This approach has several benefits, such as improved performance, reduced memory usage, and dynamic event handling for dynamically added elements.

Here’s how event delegation works:

Event Bubbling:

When an event occurs on an element, it first triggers the event handlers attached to that element, and then it propagates up through its ancestor elements. This process is called event bubbling.

For example, if you have a <ul> element with several <li> elements inside, and you click on one of the <li> elements, the click event will bubble up through the <li> element, then the <ul> element, and so on.

Attaching the Event Handler:

Instead of attaching an event handler to each <li> element, you attach a single event handler to the parent <ul> element (or any ancestor element that encompasses all the child elements you want to handle events for).


var ulElement = document.querySelector(‘ul’);

ulElement.addEventListener(‘click’, function(event) {

  var clickedElement = event.target;

  if (clickedElement.tagName === ‘LI’) {

    // Handle the click event for <li> elements

    console.log(‘Clicked:’, clickedElement.textContent);



In the example above, the click event handler is attached to the <ul> element. When a click event occurs on any <li> element, the event bubbles up to the <ul> element, and the event handler is triggered.

Identifying the Target Element:

Inside the event handler, you can use the event.target property to identify the actual element on which the event occurred.

You can then perform the desired action based on the target element.

In the example above, the event handler checks if the target element’s tagName is ‘LI’ to ensure that the click event occurred on an <li> element.

The benefits of event delegation include:

Improved Performance: Since you attach a single event handler instead of multiple handlers for each element, you reduce the memory usage and improve the performance of your application.

Dynamic Event Handling: Event delegation allows you to handle events for dynamically added elements without the need to attach event handlers individually.

Reduced Code Complexity: With event delegation, you have less code to write and maintain, as you only need to attach one event handler instead of multiple handlers for each element.

Event delegation is particularly useful in scenarios where you have a large number of elements or dynamic elements, such as a list or a table, where attaching individual event handlers to each element would be impractical or inefficient.

By leveraging event bubbling and using event delegation, you can create more efficient and scalable event handling in your JavaScript applications.