- HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the backbone of a web page, providing the structure and content of a website. It consists of elements, such as headers, paragraphs, lists, images, and links, that are defined by tags. These tags specify how the content should be displayed in the browser.
- CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is used to define the style of a web page, such as the colors, fonts, and layout. CSS rules are applied to the HTML elements, and can be used to create a consistent look and feel across a website.
In modern frontend development, there are many frameworks and libraries available, such as React, Angular, and Vue, that make it easier to build complex, scalable web applications. These frameworks provide pre-built components, APIs, and tools that allow developers to focus on writing their own code, rather than having to reinvent the wheel for common tasks.